12 Breathtaking Stock Market Statistics You Need to Know [2021]

The Duch East India Company opened the world’s first stock exchange in 1602. The stock market, also known as the equity market and share market, has seen rallies and crashes ever since. But even with this volatility, the stock market offers statistically one of the highest returns on capital for investors.

Public traded companies listed on the New York Stock Exchange and Nasdaq are the most popular investments, but cryptocurrency trading also started dominating the world’s financial markets. This article reveals breathtaking statistics about the stock market you surely want to know about.

Most Remarkable Stock Market Statistics

  • The total stock market volume from July 2020 to June 2021 was nearly $149 trillion.
  • Three stock market crashes with losses beyond -35% happened in this Millenium. Two of them caused >50% market declines.
  • April and November have been the best-performing months in the S&P 500 during the past 20 years, while January and September are typical underperforming months.
  • The United States represents 55.9% of stock market capitalization globally.
  • 53% of all families in the U.S. are invested in the stock market.

Stock Market Statistics

1. How Much Money is in the Stock Market

Statista evaluated the value of the global equity trading last time for Q2/2021. The impressive statistic reveals that Q1/2021 was with over 40 trillion the all-time high quarter of the stock market volume. Q1 and Q2 2021 were exceptionally above the respective 2020 quarters.

how much money is in the stock market

2. Three Most Significant Stock Market Crashes of the Millenium

The S&P 500 lost over 50% of its value during the dot-com bubble burst between March 2000 and October 2002. The crash lasted 2 years and 8 months before markets started to gain back to new all-time highs over the course of 5 years until July 2007.

In October 2007, the S&P marked a new all-time high again but failed to go higher. Instead, the financial crisis led the market to a decrease of over 57% in just 1 year and 6 months between October 2007 and March 2009.

From there, the market started an impressive really all the way up to new highs in 2020 before the pandemic caused the most significant stock market crash where the S&P 500 lost 35% of its value in just 1 month.

most significant stock market chrashes

3. Market Seasonality

The best performing months during the past 22 years within the S&P500 were the months of April, August and November, while January, June and September show the worst stock market seasonality performance.

market seasonality profile sp500 200001 202109

The perspective changes slightly by looking at the past 5 years. The months of April, June, July and November are the best-performing years then, while the months of February and September were the absolute low-performers.

market seasonality profile sp500 201610 202109

4. Market Share of Equity Market Value Globally

As of January 2021, the United States has the largest stock market share, with 55.9% across all countries worldwide. Japan follows as #2 with 7.4%, and China with 5.4%, ranks third.

value of global equity trading wordwide

5. Holdings of Public Traded Stock Amongst Families

The last publication of the Federal Reserve Survey about the Changes in U.S. Family Finances from 2016 to 2019 reveals that about 53% of all families held stock of publicly traded companies in 2019. That’s was a slight increase compared to 2016. The families with the highest income are more frequently invested in the stock market, while only every third of families with an income in the lower half of average family income held stock.

federal reserve system survey stock holdings

6. Companies with the Highest Market Capitalization

Apple (AAPL) clearly leads the top list of the companies with the highest market capitalization with a stunning number of $2376.38 billion. Microsoft (MSFT) follows in second place with $2275.13 billion. The third place goes to Alphabet Inc. (GOOG), with a market capitalization of $1945.10 billion. Remember, $2376.38 is $2.376 trillion and similar to $2,376,380,000,000. Wouldnt it be cool to see that amount available on your bank account, even knowing that you can never spend that much money in a lifetime.

Ticker Company Market Cap
AAPL Apple Inc. 2376.38B
MSFT Microsoft Corporation 2275.13B
GOOG Alphabet Inc. 1945.10B
AMZN Amazon.com, Inc. 1671.17B
FB Facebook, Inc. 926.27B
TSLA Tesla, Inc. 812.12B
BRK-B Berkshire Hathaway Inc. 690.63B
NVDA NVIDIA Corporation 543.65B
TSM Taiwan Semiconductor Man. Comp. Lim. 529.85B
JPM JPMorgan Chase & Co. 488.47B

7. The Best ETF in The Last 10 Years

Exchange traded funds are amongst the most popular investment vehicles these days. The low management cost and zero commission for purchasing U.S. listed ETS make this investment type enjoyable. The technology sector ETF iShares PHLX Semiconductor (SOXX) leads the list of the best performing ETFs over the last 10 years with a performance of +980%. In the same time span, the S&P 500 grew only 322%.

soxx ishares semiconductor etf

8. Biggest Industry in the U.S. by Revenue

IBISWorld’s statistics of 2021 reveal the 10 biggest industries by revenue in the United States. Their database contains over 1,300 U.S. industries, and the results are kind of surprising. While many would consider health or drug-related industries on #1, Retirement & Pension Plans lead the list with an estimated revenue $1.26 Trillion. Number 2 is less surprisingly the Health & Medical Insurance with $1.16 Trillion, followed by Drug, Cosmetic & Toiletry Wholesaling with $1.05 Trillion of revenues.

# Industry Revenue for 2021
1. Retirement & Pension Plans in the US $1.257.9B
2. Health & Medical Insurance in the US $1.165.8B
3. Drug, Cosmetic & Toiletry Wholesaling in the US $1.049.9B
4. New Car Dealers in the US $978.7B
5. Hospitals in the US $938.1B
6. Life Insurance & Annuities in the US $886.7B
7. Pharmaceuticals Wholesaling $868.8B
8. Public Schools in the US $791.0B
9. Supermarkets & Grocery Stores in the US $758.4B
10. Property, Casualty and Direct Insurance in the US $698.8B

9. 35% Of Trading Volume Executed Off-Exchange

The algo trading report by the SEC reveals that 22% of all trades, 37% of all shares and 35% of the total amount of USD is traded Off-Exchange. The so-called dark pools do not publicly display quotes. Instead, institutional investors execute Off-Exchange trades to execute big orders without leaving a footprint in the official accessible stock market.

Venue Trades Shares $ Vol.
Exchanges 78% 63% 65%
Off-Exchange 22% 37% 35%

Percentage of All NMS Stock Trades, Shares, and Dollar Volume in 2018 at all registered exchanges or reported to Trade Reporting Facilities | Sources: SEC Staff Report on Algorithmic Trading in U.S. Capital Markets, NYSE Trade Reporting Facilities


10. 72% of Robinhood’s revenue came from payment for order flow

Robinhood offers zero-commission trading to clients and receives compensation from venues to re-finance their business instead. The payment for order flow gets paid by venues like Citadel Securities. A ban of payment for order flow practices is currently heavily discussed across the media.

In 2020, $687,094,992 of Robinhood’s total net revenues of $958,833,000 came from payments for order flow.

Robinhood total revenue based on SEC registration statement form S-1 for 2020:

robinhood net revenues sec gov form s 1

Robinhood payment for order flow income 2020:

payment for order flow income robinhood 2020

11. New York Stock Exchange has the Highest Market Share

The NYSE is the leading global listing exchange worldwide. It has the biggest market share & liquidity and also offers the narrowest quoted spread. The listed companies include small cap, medium cap and large cap companies. Berkshire Hathaway (BRK-B) is the biggest company listed on NYSE by market cap (690 billion), followed by Taiwan Semiconductor Manufacturing Company Limited (TSM) with 561 billion and JPMorgan Chase & Co. (JPM) with 497 billion rank number two and three.

nyse most market share and liquidity

12. Most Expensive price per Share

Berkshire Hathaway Inc. is the most expensive share to buy. One share of the NYSE-listed company currently costs $427,701 at least if you buy the A-Class shares. The B-Class stock of BRK costs $284 and is more affordable for the average person on this planet.

berkshire hathaway inc

About the author: Alexander is the founder of daytradingz.com and has 20 years of experience in the financial markets. He aims to make trading and investing easy to understand for everybody, and has been quoted on Benzinga, Business Insider and GOBankingRates.